# Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions

Computing the eigenvectors $\psi(x)$ and eigenvalues $E$ of some Hamiltonian $H$ belongs to the key problems of quantum mechanics. For the one-dimensional Schrödinger equation we have to solve \begin{equation} E\psi(x) = H\psi(x) = -\frac{1}{2}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2\psi(x)}{\mathrm{d} x^2} + V(x)\psi(x) \end{equation}for some given potential $V(x)$. Analytical solutions, however, are scare goods. Thus, one has to rely on approximations… Continue reading Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions