image processing · numerical methods · Python · Software

From numbers to images – Raw image processing with Python

Modern digital system cameras and also some digital compact cameras allow to create and to store images in a so-called raw format. A raw image contains the minimally pre-processed sensor data, meta-data about the picture such as camera model, lens model and camera settings under which the picture has been taken and possibly a fully… Continue reading From numbers to images – Raw image processing with Python

numerical methods · Python

Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions

Computing the eigenvectors $\psi(x)$ and eigenvalues $E$ of some Hamiltonian $H$ belongs to the key problems of quantum mechanics. For the one-dimensional Schr√∂dinger equation we have to solve \begin{equation} E\psi(x) = H\psi(x) = -\frac{1}{2}\frac{\mathrm{d}^2\psi(x)}{\mathrm{d} x^2} + V(x)\psi(x) \end{equation}for some given potential $V(x)$. Analytical solutions, however, are scare goods. Thus, one has to rely on approximations… Continue reading Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions

Python

Point and interval estimation in Python

Let us consider a random sample $x_1,x_2,\dots,x_N$ drawn from a normal distribution with unknown mean $\mu$ and unknown variance $\sigma^2$. The best point estimates for the mean and the variance are given by the sample mean\begin{equation} \hat\mu = \frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^{N} x_i \end{equation} and the sample variance \begin{equation} \hat\sigma^2 = \frac{1}{N-1}\sum_{i=1}^{N} (x_i-\hat\mu)^2\,, \end{equation} respectively. The sample mean… Continue reading Point and interval estimation in Python